October may be the month of Halloween – but it is also the month when Restart a Heart Day takes place, and this year – it’s on the 16th of October 2018.
Restart a Heart Day is when organisations, schools, workplaces and communities provide and promote CPR training across the UK. The aim of the day is to boost awareness and to train as many people as possible.
According to the British Heart Foundation only 8% of people who suffer from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests survive. In addition to this, less than half of bystanders intervene when they witness someone having a cardiac arrest.
Restart a Heart Day aims to provide people the knowledge they need to provide CPR and to support NHS England’s plans to improve emergency care services.
How to do CPR
Don’t worry if you’re not specifically trained in CPR, knowing the basic how-to steps could help save someone’s life.
Step 1 – Shake & shout
If you come across someone who seems unconscious, the first thing you should do is gently shake them and shout to see if they respond. It’s also important that you shout for help if there are people nearby – a team of people is always better than just one person trying to save someone’s life.
Step 2 – Check breathing status
No response after step one? The next best thing is to keep their head back and check if the person is breathing normally. You need to do this by getting close to the person and checking for regular chest movements, listening for any breathing and feeling for breath on your cheek.
It’s at this point you’ll have a vague idea of whether the person is still breathing or not.
If they are breathing, you’ll need to put them in the recovery position and wait for emergency services to arrive – let the paramedics know everything once they arrive.
If they’re not breathing, you’ll need to open their airway. This may sound alarming if you’re not specifically trained in CPR – but you’re able to perform this action even with basic knowledge.
To open the person's airway, you’ll need to place one hand on the sufferer’s forehead, gently tilt their head back and lift their chin by using two fingers from your other hand under their chin.
Step 3 – Call 999
If the person isn’t breathing or is not breathing normally, you’ll need to ask someone close by to call 999 immediately and ask for an ambulance. If there’s no one close by to help, call 999 yourself before you start the CPR exercise.
Step 4 – Perform 30 chest compressions
Performing the basic steps of CPR isn’t as hard or daunting as it may seem. Take a deep breath, try to relax as much as possible and give 30 chest compressions.
To do this efficiently, you’ll need to kneel next to the person, place the heel of one hand in the centre of their chest, place your other hand on top of the first hand and interlock your fingers. Making sure that your arms are straight, use the heel of your hand to push the breastbone down firmly, so that the person’s chest is pressed down between 5-6cm, release after this.
Approximately two chest compressions are required every second – perform 30 compressions.
Step 5 – Perform 2 rescue breaths
Opening the airway again by tilting the individuals head back and lifting their chin – next, pinch the tip of the nose so that it’s closed. Take a normal breath and make a seal around their mouth – breathe out steadily into their mouth. Look at the persons chest – it should rise and fall in time with your breaths. Give two rescue breaths; this should take no longer than five seconds.
Step 6 – Repeat until emergency services arrive
Repeat the 30 compressions and two rescue breaths until the ambulance arrives. Find more information about performing CPR on the BHF website.
CPR training for workplaces
In the UK alone, there are over 30,000 cardiac arrests a year outside of hospital, which usually take place from the hours of 6:00am to 12:00pm noon. This is the time when the majority of employees in England will be at work. It’s for this reason that it’s increasingly important that companies and the people within them across the UK are trained thoroughly in first aid / CPR and are correctly informed about the possibility of having to one day, having to try and save someone’s life.
How to get involved
If you want to get involved with the campaign, The British Heart Foundation have all of the resources, kit and training available and ready to send out to you, to help you train people on Restart a Heart Day 2018. Workplaces and community groups can buy a kit online, and schools can apply for a free Call Push Rescue kit.
Visit the BHF (British Heart Foundation) website to find out more about how you can get involved with Restart a Heart Day 2018.
Get trained today
As leading first aid training and assessment providers, our team at MRS Training and Rescue are MPQC approved professionals who can help teach your team about first aid at work, which includes CPR training.
Please get in contact with a member of our friendly team to discuss your requirements or if you’d simply like to know more about the range of training options we provide.